The Local Wild: A Local Wild Salad Bar: Dandelions & Greens.

Before anyone out there goes to war with their lawns, I want to touch on healthy eating. Specifically, healthy eating that starts in our yard.

The last Local Wild column addressed the twelve-spotted ladybug’s adoration of early blooming flowers, specifically the oft detested dandelion. Before anything else has even begun to bud, dandelions are blooming and ready to provide a healthy meal of pollen and nectar for these native ladybugs and other critters. Already, fields and yards are showered in bright yellow flowers and no doubt homeowners are getting their weed pullers and herbicidal sprays prepped, too.

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Dandelions aren’t just “for the bears”! Packed with nutrition, dandelions are an excellent food source for animals—like bear and twelve-spotted ladybugs—emerging from their winter hiding. /Eric Danley via Flickr © 2014

But—not so fast! Before you do a clean sweep of dandelions from your yard, consider that this so-called weed is worth a few bucks: dandelion greens are readily found at farmer’s markets and in “wild”-type salad mixes at the grocer; online, you can buy organic dandelion greens for anywhere from $2-$4 per bundle,[1] which is more costly than common herbs like cilantro or parsley.

And it’s no wonder dandelion greens go for a pretty penny: they’re packed with amazing nutrition! Each ¾-cup of cooked greens contain as much as 7,212mcg of lutein, an essential for eye health and key nutrient for significantly reducing the risk of developing cataracts.[2] They’re also stocked with calcium, potassium, fiber, and vitamins A, C, K, and folate (a B vitamin of particular interest to pregnant women). Consuming dandelion (especially the pollen-rich flowers) can also help alleviate seasonal allergies by naturally building up your body’s immunity.

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Nutrition facts of dandelion greens. So much good stuff!

While the entire dandelion plant is edible—from the ugly root all the way up to the pretty flower—most people don’t take the time to dry the roots to make tea or bother with using the flower to make a muscle ointment (dandelion flowers have “mild analgesic (pain-relieving) properties, making them an excellent addition to products designed for sore muscles”[3]). It is a lot of work, no doubt! I, myself, prefer to focus on the easy-to-pick greens, which should be harvested early, before the flowers pop up, to avoid extreme bitterness. If harvested young enough, the bitterness isn’t overwhelming and the vegetable’s flavor is similar to the that of endive, radicchio,[4] or arugula, other bitter greens found in many store-bought salad mixes.

Much of the bitterness can be cooked out to a large degree. Like other bitter greens that are popularly eaten cooked (e.g. kale, collard greens), dandelion greens can be blanched or braised to make them more palatable, or cooked with a flavor-heavy, fatty protein, like bacon. If you prefer your greens raw—as in a salad—you can soak them for 30 minutes or more in ice-chilled water.[5]

I won’t detail through each of these, but here are a few other offerings from the local wild’s salad bar that perhaps you didn’t know were edible. (As always, get a positive and certain identification of plants before collecting and consuming them. If you’re unsure, best to let things growing in the local wild stay wild!)

  • Stinging nettle
  • Creeping Charlie
  • Pheasant Back (Dryad’s Saddle) mushroom
  • Morel mushroom
  • Garlic mustard
  • Broadleaf plantain
  • Pineapple weed
  • Red clover

Consider growing dandelions as an addition to your veggie or herb garden!

If you’d like to try your hand at [intentionally] growing dandelions as an addition to your veggie or herb garden, harvest current plants from an untreated yard or field and transplant them to a more appropriate location.[6] (Stay away from dandelions growing in sidewalks, parking lots, and at the edges of roadways, as these areas, even if not sprayed with herbicide or fertilizer, contain runoff and contaminants from vehicles or maintenance treatments (e.g. sidewalk salt or de-icers).) Use a weeding fork to loosen the soil around the root, then pull the whole thing out and relocate. Dandelions are durable and incredibly resilient, so harvest—and eat them—frequently! Cheers to your good health!

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A big “thank you” to the Beacon of Cannon Falls for allowing me to post this column on my site.

[1] Pricing: $1.99-3.99/lb, depending on area.

[2] “Keen Green Vision”. URL: www.dole.com/Articles/keen-green-vision. 01April2013.

[3] “12 Things To Make With Dandelion Flowers”, The Nerdy Farm Wife. URL: https://thenerdyfarmwife.com/12-things-to-make-with-dandelion-flowers/. Undated.

[4] Fleck, Alissa. “Can You Eat Dandelion Greens Raw?”, Hearst Newspapers, LLC (SFGate). URL: https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/can-eat-dandelion-greens-raw-4710.html. 17Dec2018.

[5] “How To Mellow Out Bitter Veggies”. Plated.com. URL: https://www.plated.com/morsel/mellow-bitter-veggies/. Undated. ©2019

[6] For more details on transplanting dandelions, visit https://tortoisegroup.org/transplanting-dandelions.

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The Local Wild: Mosquito Season

While we’re still in the thick of the wet, muddy havoc of Winter Melt-Off 2019—and the Cannon River is still receding from its escape from its banks—the minds of optimists are deep in dreams of warmer spring and hotter summer weather. The ongoing joke claims Minnesota has only two seasons: Snow and Construction. I thankfully don’t drive often enough through construction zones to have it impact my life in such an acute and disparaging way, but I do have my own, rural version of our state’s two-season condition: Snow (there’s always snow) and Mosquito.

I had hopes that the record-breaking freeze would wipe out most of this year’s mosquito population, only to be corrected by a friend who said the mosquito population will be in full-swing, if not extra potent, this year due to the resulting wetness of the still-lingering snow. Even folks in Georgia are expecting bad mosquito populations this year, so it’s not just us Mid-Westerners suffering.[1] Drat.

I have my own, rural version of our state’s two-season condition: Snow (there’s always snow) and Mosquito.

In my last Local Wild column, I discussed the snow midge, a wintry mosquito doppelganger. Midges are unlike mosquitos in that they have no biting proboscis, don’t carry disease, and, other than being annoying when they swarm, are harmless to humans. However, like midges, mosquitos are surprisingly hardy over-wintering insects.

Exactly how a mosquito endures cold weather differs by species, but most of them will go into diapause—a state akin to, though different from, hibernation—when temperatures drop below 50°F. According to Pestworld.org, “The mosquito responsible for transmitting Zika…overwinters in the egg stage. … [Eggs stay] in water-holding items [and] enter a state of diapause, a process that suspends their development during the coldest months.” For some species, adult females die after a final spout of winter egg-laying and the eggs go into diapause; adult females of other species may not die, but will instead hide (in the ground, a tree hollow, a barn, etc.) and go into diapause themselves.

Diapause is activated by hormones that pause an organism’s development until better conditions ensue. Adult female mosquitoes who go into diapause can extend their usual 6 to 8-week lifespan to up to 6 months, allowing them to wait out most winters unscathed and ready to propagate when they warm enough to awaken, like this week when we’re expected to hit 50+°F.

But enough about the wonders of mosquito over-wintering. What about how to control them in the spring and summer?

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Standing water from overflows of the Cannon River could result in unanticipated ponding, creating massive breeding grounds for mosquitos. / Jessica Woken

First, the obvious: Get rid of any standing water or containers that might catch and hold water, including recesses in the ground that may turn into long-standing puddles.

Next, kill or deter the existing mosquitoes by use of chemicals, electric zappers, or a combination of natural methods, like chickens and plants.

If you’re not one to spray vast areas with pesticides and are hesitant to invest in an electric mosquito trap—they can range from $50 to $900—consider planting (in a garden), potting (around the house), or pruning (native plants) the following to help keep mosquitos at bay:

  • Plant or pot: Citronella, lemongrass, lavender, peppermint, basil, lemon balm, rosemary, sage, marigold, chrysanthemums, garlic, catnip
  • Prune: Wild Mint, Sweetgrass*

Mentha_arvensis_Wild_Mint

Wild Mint. Image: Wikimedia Commons. Lazaregagnidze (photographer), 11July2011.

As a bonus, mosquito-repellent plants offer up a side of landscape beautification as well as opportunity to attract beneficial insects we actually want around, like bees and butterflies.

Keeping chickens may also help control the mosquito population, as the birds will do their able share of eating as many mosquitoes as they can. (I’ve seen members of my own flock race across the yard in hot pursuit of a mosquito snack.) Some researchers believe chickens may be the next big thing in mosquito control and malaria prevention![2] Keep in mind, though, that having chickens can also backfire if their run is prone to muddy puddles or the coop isn’t kept clean and dry, both of which serve as excellent mosquito housing.

Good luck, and Happy Mosquito Season! (I think?)

*Author’s Note: Sweetgrass is a natural insect repellent traditionally used by Native Americans. It’s key chemical, coumarin, is also the special ingredient that makes Avon’s ‘Skin So Soft’ a popular insect-repellent lotion![3]

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[1] Walker, Doug. “Mosquitos could be a big problem this spring.” Rome News-Tribune, 01Mar2019. URL: http://www.northwestgeorgianews.com/rome/news/local/mosquitoes-could-be-a-big-problem-this-spring/article_905cd592-3c47-11e9-a80d-3fa27c05430e.html. Accessed: 21Mar2019.

[2] Horowitz, Kate. “Could Chickens Be The Mosquito Repellants of the Future?” MentalFloss.com, 20July2016. URL: http://mentalfloss.com/article/83461/could-chickens-be-mosquito-repellents-future. Accessed: 21Mar2019.

[3] “Using Sweet Grass To Repel Mosquitoes”. CBS MN, 19Aug2015. URL: https://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2015/08/19/using-sweet-grass-to-repel-mosquitoes/.

Gifts Had, Shared, Multiplied.

In addition to being a stay-at-home mom and writer (as if that weren’t enough), I’m a musician. As I prepare to leave the Minnesota chill for our annual Christmas trip to Grandma’s House in California, I’m putting together a song list for a Los Angeles County drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility ministry I’ll be performing at on Sunday, December 23rd. This is my first time volunteering to provide a worship experience at this rehab ministry, or even a place remotely like it. I don’t know what to expect, if I’ll enjoy it, if I’ll walk away heartbroken or inspired by the people in attendance, if I’ll do it again. If… anything.

Regardless of those answers, I’m already feeling the benefits of my heart offering to the Kingdom’s cause. No, not some self-satisfaction with my own generosity (how vain!), but a quiet joy—a fulfillment of my call to worship—in knowing I am utilizing a talent built within me by God and offering it out to others in a way that only I uniquely can.

I’m already feeling the benefits of my heart offering to the Kingdom’s cause: A quiet joy—a fulfillment of my call to worship.

Perhaps that is part of what accepting Jesus into our lives is about: Not about accepting gifts from outside ourselves, but accepting, and using, the gifts within us that, in their use, gift others.

Pastor John Piper of Minneapolis implores: “lay down all your idolatry and false worship to find your ultimate satisfaction in a God who finds his glory in your satisfaction. Such a world have we been given.” Amen!

This season, I wish everyone a plethora of gift exchanges! Not only an abundance of blessings from gifts received from others, but also the intimate, private blessing, healing change, and quiet joy the use of personal gifts provide to ourselves.

Merry Christmas to all!

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Thanks to the Beacon paper of Cannon Falls, MN for allowing me to share this message on my page.

Ref: Piper, John. “Worship: We Get Joy, God Gets Praise.” Desiring God, 26June2017, www.desiringgod.org/messages/gospel-worship/excerpts/worship-we-get-joy-god-gets-praise.

The Local Wild: Nice Ice, Baby.

It’s often the common, less outstanding things in our lives we take for granted which end up being the most important. Take water, for instance. We have a lot of water here in Minnesota — and we’re darn proud of it! — and when our local wild enters its wintry stages all that water turns into a lot of snow and ice. We drive through it, around it, over it (hopefully not under it!). We scrape it, brush it, shovel it, and melt it away so that we, in turn, can get on our merry way. All the water we have in all its various forms is so everyday that we hardly take a second look or consideration.

But we really should, if only to be impressed by Creation once more.

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A small stream remains liquid in temperatures well below water’s typical freezing point. Credit: Jessica Woken.

I was mystified the other day while watching my ground spring’s little rivulet ebb downhill toward our pond. Mystified because, well, I knew the waters temperature had reached freezing point — thermometers had dipped and stayed below 32°F days prior — yet, it wasn’t frozen. That moving water doesn’t freeze is common knowledge, but that simply begged the question: why doesn’t it?

Before we scratch that itch, I want to illustrate how water is nothing short of magnificent, specifically this property: that, in a solid state (ice), water floats upon itself. This is not a property unique to water, although it is rather rare in nature. Did you ever stop to consider that if ice didn’t float life as we know it would not be possible? It’s true!

Water is nothing short of magnificent, specifically this property: that, in a solid state (ice), water floats upon itself.

Imagine a world where ice sinks. In this world is a pond teaming with life. Then, imagine that water freezing bit by bit; the chunks of ice sink to the bottom of the pond as new ice forms on top. Repeat this until ALL the water is frozen. No water remains; just solid ice. Plants will die because they can’t live encapsulated in an icy tomb. Same for fish, frogs, crayfish, or other creatures that are food for predators like cranes, bear, eagles, and mink, so those prey die along with their associated predators. Even forgetting food altogether, animals don’t DRINK ice, so dehydration takes them even if they have food to eat. In this imaginary world where ice sinks, the food chain ends at the proverbial water level. That, in our real world, ice floats, keeping everything within water bodies safe and alive, really is very, very nice!

In regards to rivers and streams staying fluid, it’s what holds the ice crystal molecule together that keeps moving water liquid for longer: hydrogen bonds.

As molecular bonds go, the hydrogen bonds that convert liquid water into ice are relatively weak and can be broken by biological forces like motion or heat. Think of those hydrogen bonds like the static electricity holding a pair of balloons together, where the balloons represent water molecules: Sure, the static electricity will hold the balloons together if they hover in windless air, but once a breeze blows, they’ll easily separate, becoming “fluid”. The fast the wind moves, the stronger the static charge needs to be to hold the balloons together.

It’s a very crude explanation for something so complicated but, for purposes of understanding why our streams and rivers refuse to freeze when the rest of the wilderness is at a chilly standstill, it works.

Minnieska Park_Woken-Jessica

Resident ducks and swan eagerly await visitors at who will toss them some treats from the feed machine at Minnieska Park. Credit: Jessica Woken.

So, whether or not you want to get wrapped up in the complicated workings of water molecules when temperatures drop below 32°F, get out there and enjoy the trickling, rushing, splashing, and flowing of some of the liquid water features our spectacular (albeit, cold) local wild has to offer.

P.S. Another fun fact: University of Utah chemists declared in 2011 that, in just-right conditions, water really doesn’t HAVE to freeze until it reaches -55°F. Yikes! They called this “supercooled water”, and let’s hope we never have to find out for ourselves what is so “supercool” about -55°F! (Read more about it at: https://phys.org/news/2011-11-supercool-doesnt-.html.)


The Local Wild is a series of twice-monthly editorials published by the Cannon Falls Beacon. Many thanks to the editor for allowing me to share these articles on my personal page.

The Local Wild: Crayfish: The Poor Man’s Muddy Little Delicacy

Let’s just get this out of the way: I love seafood. Not so much fish (unless it’s whole, head-on), but more so the weird, curious, more interesting types of water-derived meats. I’m talking scallops, mussels, clam, octopus (yes!), oyster, eel, and let’s not forget crab and lobster. Yum!

scribble-maps_Minneapolis-to-Atlantic

Thanks to ScribbleMaps.com, we now know it’s almost exactly 1,000 miles from Minneapolis to the nearest Atlantic coastline.

Considering Minneapolis is about 1,000 miles from the Atlantic Ocean and 1,500 from the Pacific, it’s no surprise that Minnesota doesn’t offer up much of a seafood selection. I usually make due with frozen shrimp or fish from the grocery but, if I’m feeling particularly exotic, I venture to the nearest Asian market to quench my seafood appetite. (Being half Asian, I’m partial to not only unique Asian seafood offerings (dried squid strings, anyone?) but also other delectables that fondly remind me of my mother’s kitchen).

Our property here in Cannon Falls has a small man-made pond fed by a constant flow of freshwater from a hillside local wild spring. When we first moved here, the pond was occupied by a small school of pan fish; one huge, very elusive bass; an army of frogs (yes: a group of frogs is really called an army); and, to my elation, a healthy population of crayfish.

My Arkansan dad taught me to call those tasty little creatures crawdads, but the small shellfish go by a surprising variety of other names: crayfish, crawfish, crawlfish, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mud bugs, and (in Australia) yabbies, gilgies, koonacs, redclaw, or marron. What a mouthful!

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What do other people in the US call crayfish? My Arkansan dad says “crawdad” (as do I!). Credit: Joshua Katz.

 

And quite literally just a small mouthful, actually. Crayfish offer little more than a bite of tail meat and a heady—seriously, from their heads—slurp of crustacean-type foie gras. Amy McCarthy, editor of Eater Dallas and Eater Houston, wrote in 2017: “If you’ve been eating crawfish all this time and [left] the heads behind, you’ve sadly been missing out.” She explained further:

“…there is an organ inside [the crayfish head] frequently mistaken as a brain or a big glob of crawfish fat. That mysterious blob is actually the crawfish’s hepatopancreas, which [functions like a liver] … In terms of flavor, the hepatopancreas (often called “crawfish butter”) is sort of like what foie gras would taste like if it came from the sea. As such, it’s a poor man’s delicacy.”

Rusty Crayfish Wisconsin DNR

The rusty crayfish, one of the two invasive crayfish species in Minnesota. Credit: Wisconsin DNR.

What’s the difference between crayfish and lobster? The most obvious difference is size—crayfish are much smaller—but the other is that lobster live in saltwater while crayfish are a freshwater animal. Thus, Minnesota and its “10,000” freshwater lakes (plus all its rivers and streams) makes for an appealing crayfish habitat. According to the Minnesota DNR, there live five species of crayfish in our state: three native and two invasive. (As of 2007, a published paper from Brigham Young University counted over 640 species, with about 382 living in North America alone. That’s a big crayfish family!)

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A tidy — though muddy — little crayfish mound. Credit: Jessica Woken.

Crayfish are generally nocturnal and very shy, so it’s rare to see one out and about unless you’re really looking (or hunting). One of the most obvious signs of crayfish population in a body of freshwater is the presence of mud mounds or “chimneys” around the water’s perimeter. These volcano-looking mounds are the tops of crayfish burrows. They measure about 6” in diameter and are topped with a very neat, almost perfect, little 1-2” access hole.

The crayfish population at my own pond remains strong, despite me catching and boiling some for an exotic treat one afternoon, much to the worry of my husband who was convinced I’d get ill from some mystery disease (Note: I did not). This past September I spotted a handful of the softball-sized mud mounds, so it’s nice to know I haven’t completely disturbed the crayfish population with my voracious and curious seafood appetite. And, seeing as they’ve been living here for some years, burrowing deep into the mud to keep from freezing over winter, I think it’s safe to say that there yet lies abundant hope for next spring’s crayfish catching season at this girl’s personal local wild pond. (Psst: Crayfish season goes from April 1 to Nov 30 and, yes, you do need a fishing permit.)

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This article is one in a series written for a column titled “The Local Wild” in the Beacon newspaper of Cannon Falls, MN.

The Local Wild: Coyotes, the “Barking Dogs” of North America.

I spent the last two weeks of October visiting family in the high desert of Southern California. That particular part of SoCal is not as glamorous as some mid-westerners assume all of California to be. It’s made of dusty mountains, scrub brush, strong afternoon winds, dry air, and autumn temperatures nearing the 90s. Even so, that particular area has its local wild charms like every other place. One of those charms is shared with Minnesota’s local wild. Which one? The wandering coyote!

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7e/California_Death_Valley_Coyote.jpg

A common coyote in Death Valley, California. Photo: Creative Commons.

Many may argue that coyotes can hardly be considered local wild “charms”. These predators are commonly labeled as pests; dangers to small children and pets; carriers of disease; and damagers of property (for instance, they are known to chew off sprinkler heads in search of water). Coyotes do offer some good, though unfortunately the benefits they provide often get ignored in the shadow of their bothersome antics.

Map of Great Plains

The green area indicates the Great Plains, the original territory of the now wide-spread North American coyote. Image: Wiki Commons.

But how did coyotes become so numerous and pesky to begin with? Sadly, us humans are to blame. Before strong hunting regulations were in place hunters freely took out larger predators like bear, mountain lion (aka puma), and wolf that kept the coyote population in check. With those big animals out of the picture, coyotes—which were primarily limited to the Great Plains—were able to easily spread. They’re now a common, and still spreading, predator in North America (yes, even on up in Canada, the Arctic, and down into Mexico!).

In a previous Local Wild where I discussed the famed (or infamous?) Asian Beetle, I explained basic taxonomy using dogs as an example. In that article we learned that coyotes’ scientific (taxonomic) name is canis latrans. The Latin name translates to “barking dog” and is an ode to the sounds coyotes make. But how many different sounds do coyotes make, and why do they make them?

Coyote language is an impressive blend of howls, yelps, barks, yips, whimpers, and calls, all with specific meanings and applications. As far as “how many”, that’s complicated. It’s not so much the number sounds themselves, but the combinations of the sounds that makes coyote communication—otherwise known as “song”—so fascinating. A small trio of coyotes can sing together and make themselves sound like a whole choir is singing together! Some believe coyotes imitate other animals in an effort to lure prey to their location, though that is largely disputed.

Like other scavengers—opossum, turkey vultures, and even bald eagles—coyotes eat carrion, helping to clean dead animal carcasses from the wilderness, an essential but yucky task. But because they’re also skilled hunters of live prey coyotes help keep populations of rabbit, squirrel, gopher, vole, raccoon, opossum, and even woodchuck in check. What would happen if the number of coyotes were to retreat back down to near zero? Well, those smaller populations would boom, creating a whole new local wild problem!

Coyotes are mostly solitary hunters but they’ve been known to hunt in groups when times get tough, like when food becomes scarce deep into a Minnesota winter. They are social animals, though, and live together in packs ranging from 3 to 30 strong. Hunt solo, live together: That’s the coyote way!

All this isn’t to say that coyotes shouldn’t have their limits. I keep poultry and wouldn’t want a “Barking Dog” barking up any of my trees! You can deter coyote from your property by keeping pet food locked up or inside at night, or by installing motion activated lighting or putting out deterrent sprays or alarms. If nothing is working, know that its always open season for coyotes and in many areas property owners are permitted to take coyote by certain means if the animal is damaging property or poses a danger.

Readers are urged to contact the MN Department of Natural Resources (www.dnr.state.mn.us) for laws and details about handling troublesome coyote.

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Discover more about the beneficial coyote at Project Coyote.

The Local Wild: The Frighteningly Fast Funnel Weaver Spider

October is here and that means Halloween decorations abound. I’m not a big fan of gory, ghoulish décor or equally grisly horror films, but I do enjoy the more whimsical decorations and entertainment. Of these my favorite are the adorable, often fluffy spiders. I’m tickled by their friendly, yellow eyes glowing from their perfectly round heads; their cartoonish grins affixed via white paint or stitching; and their long legs, soft and spindly, appearing to dance jubilantly even from a standstill (or, rather, a hang-still).

Unfortunately, real life spiders are not—in my mind—at all adorable. Or fluffy. Or jubilant. The film “Arachnophobia” really ruined me and, though I don’t run screaming from the sight of a land-dwelling arachnid, I do keep a wary eye open for them and their webs as I move through the local wild.

My most recent encounter was with a spider who decided to get cozy in a recess of our home’s stone façade, right next to the front door. From the looks of its web it was a barn weaver spider, a small, brown, deeply introverted yet frighteningly fascinating variety of arachnid.

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A common barn weaver spider in waiting at the far end of its signature funnel-like web. Photo: Jessica Woken.

Barn weaver spiders are a common type of spider of the family Agelenidae. These spiders enjoy quiet places with lots of dark corners like wood piles, basements, and barns to build their signature funnel webs. The openings of the webs are wide and non-adhesive and progressively narrow into a funnel and end at a sticky silk den where the spider spends most of its time. Barn funnel weavers are not poisonous and will only bite if provoked or startled. Bites are generally mild or even painless and rarely require any medical treatment.

Forget its odd web, though. That’s not the truly fascinating thing about these spiders: it’s their incredible speed you should be mesmerized by. Many describe them as “very fast”; I saw one enthusiastic blogger write “startingly fast”. I, however, prefer to categorize funnel weaver spiders with superheroes like The Flash. It’s difficult to visually catch these arachnids moving from their dens to outer webs as they launch onto prey and to say it happens in the blink of an eye feels absurdly inaccurate. To give an example, a YouTube videographer reduced the playback of a recording of a weaver spider retreating to its den to 5% speed. Even so, the videographer was still barely able to catch the spider FIRST turning around and THEN running away. That said, I consider their quickness more of a teleportation situation and, if these spiders have superpowers like that, I’d rather leave them to their introverted lifestyles at the base of their sticky dens.

Mother Nature does not give anything in the local wild superpowers without reason, and the truth is the weaver spider’s non-adhesive outer web means they need to be quick enough to run out of their dens and catch their prey—generally flies and gnats—before it gets away. One variety of funnel weaver was clocked at 1.73 ft/s. That’s “only” 1.18 mph to us humans but when you consider the size of the runner—that particular specimen was ½-inch long—1.18 mph is incredible! Need some math to convince you? I’m happy to comply!

Let’s say a ½-inch spider has a ½-inch running stride and that this spider runs 1.18 mph. Compare it to the average human’s running stride—66 inches—and we can use basic algebra to calculate X, the human’s comparative speed. The answer? A blazing 155.76 mph.

As a kid in Southern California I’d taunt the west coast’s funnel weaver variety by tossing small pieces of grass onto the outer edge of the web, tricking the poor arachnid introverts into darting out in anticipation of a meal. The spider would appear only to be met by a lousy snip of grass and a human child’s goofy grin. Trick or treat, indeed!

Simply, I’m just glad bigger, more aggressive spiders, including the adorable Halloween decoration varieties, are not weaver spider-fast.

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The Local Wild: Nature Recovers.

Originally published in the Cannon Falls Beacon, 2018.

I was originally going to write this Local Wild on an exceptionally bright green insect I’d discovered in my garden, but after the tragedy of the storm last week I felt compelled to rifle through my photo archives and contemplate on the resilience of Nature.

In early spring, before the snow had fully thawed, a doe passed away on our property. We don’t know what caused her death, but we left her body undisturbed. One, we didn’t want to contract any potential disease that may have caused her end. Two, her final resting spot was out of the way of our usual traffic so we figured to simply let the doe return to dust, as it were. But much more than dust happened.

Over the course of the next few months the corpse of that doe disintegrated, left largely undisturbed except for one instance when I spotted a hungry opossum chewing on a meaty leg for supper at the tail end of the snowy season. But, as that snow melted the tendrils of Mother Nature’s loving hands began to encapsulate the deer, the grasses and wild flora wrapping themselves inside and around her body like a gentle blanket championing her transition from one life into another.

In early July the prairie fleabane began to blossom. Named for its supposed ability to drive away fleas and evil spirits, this annual herb does actually have some and anti-fungal properties. It’s narrow, hairy stems had jutted up between gaps in the unattractive remains as the weather had warmed and, now, the delicate white flowers were creating a rather welcome cover.

At full bloom, around mid-August, it actually became a pleasure to walk by the doe’s “burial” site. I was able to stand as a spectator at Nature’s recovery of something living that had collapsed from life and turn it into a thing of quietude and, dare I say, beauty. And, if I may reference an adage referenced by the Apostle Paul, surely it is true: Death really has been swallowed up in victory.

decomposing-doe-turned-to-flowers_jessica-woken_7july2018.jpg

A doe’s final resting place turns beautiful with cloudy clusters of Prairie Fleabane. Photo: Jessica Woken.

The remains of Cannon Falls in the aftermath of Thursday night’s tornado are gory. It seems ironic and almost confusing how decades old trees that stood tall and proud, silently symbolizing the unbreakable and eternal, were felled by the very hand that created, nurtured, and grew them. The non-permanence of even the seemingly permanent was made apparent. Mourning ensued and continues through the wreckage.

But Nature—of which we are a part—will recover. This truth Mother Nature has shown time and time again. Ergo, WE will recover. Our town will recover. Let us not forget how resilient a people can be; how during the healing process the break in a bone for a time becomes stronger than the surrounding bone that was left intact. For a time, we will be stronger than we were, stronger than our neighbors. Then, eventually, things will resume normalcy. Trust in that.

Even now we are experiencing the blanketing of victory over our remains: a community come together, love we didn’t realize was there is erupting sporadically in tufts and clouds across town, like the fleabane that bloomed from the recesses of the deceased doe’s body.

I envision those little white flowers sprouting up in the nooks and crannies of Cannon Falls: the side streets, the neighborhoods, the cemeteries, the churches. This little white flower that symbolizes exorcism and protection did just that for the ugliness that was a deer carcass. Given time and faith in the gentle, slow, and steady process of Nature, our spiritual fleabane can do the same for Cannon Falls.

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“The Local Wild”: Exploring Nature & Writing About It.

I’d like to share an exciting development (at least for me): I’ve been writing a bi-monthly column for my local paper since late June called “The Local Wild” that focuses on educating the community about the wonders that abound in the local ecosystem.

I’ll be sharing each of those columns here on WordPress, starting with the first one that was published June 20. The paper doesn’t have the headline room to print the titles I give each column, but I’ll be using them on this page to help you (and me) identify the topic at hand.

Since moving to rural Minnesota in 2014, I’ve fallen in love with the diversity of the ecosystem here. For some reason it’s many times more interesting than that in my homeland of Southern California; perhaps it’s just because it’s new to me? Who knows.

All that matters is that I’ve had a great time writing these articles and I feel so grateful that the local editor has agreed to both print my column and allow me permission to also share the column on my own page.

In closing, I hope you enjoy reading and learning about my local wild as much as I enjoy sharing with you what this Minnesota implant has learned.

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Read the first of “The Local Wild” here.

No Longer “Just Writing”: Why Mountain Owl is Now “Creative Services”

When Mountain Owl Ink was in its infancy I was bound and determined not to make it a one-stop shop of bookish services. I cringed at the idea of offering that kind of general, overlapping service; I felt that providing services other than writing would water down my writing work and dilute my skill set.

Even so, potential clients would ask me, “Can you do layout and design?” No. “Can you help me publish?” No. “What do you do?” My answer: “I write. I edit. I don’t want to muddle that in publishing, drawing, layout, graphics, blah, blah, blah.”

“I just want to write. That’s it.”

My, how my perspective has changed!

Bunny is frustrated with Phil and Mieux's recent, um, "activity."

Gaining Perspective. Aug 23, 2017.

Mountain Owl Ink has transformed over the past five years, especially since adopting one new motto per year for the last three years to keep us on our toes: 2016’s “Just Say Yes” (no associated blog post–the motto was quite unofficial back then!); 2017’s “See Farther”; and 2018’s “Baby Steps”), I’ve come to realize one very critical detail about writing that I had absolutely wrong when I first started out in 2013:

Writing isn’t just about writing.

It’s widely understood that communication is about 80% body language and only about 20% the words we use. (Of course communication is much more complex than that, but for simplicity’s sake we’ll stick with the 80/20 rule!)

Body language (the 80%) is the visible: what we can see, feel, and touch. Speech is the invisible: those things spoken, the audible words we hear but cannot touch and the feelings elicited by those words.

The experience of reading is much the same.

In the same way a conversation has a speaker and a listener, so the act of reading has two participants: The writer and the reader.

Let me break it down for you:

The Reader’s Reading Experience

Everyone–with the exception of the dyslexic–hears a voice in their head when they read silently. It’s commonly called an “inner voice”, but the act of silent reading actually activates the muscles of the vocal cords, lips, throat, and mouth to move (if only minutely). In the scientific world, this is called subvocalization.

hand-person-girl-woman-photography-pattern-1215168-pxhere.comSubvocalization is reading’s body language response: The physical reaction our bodies make to words received via the page. The invisible part of the communication is the “inner voice” itself: that strangely audible yet inaudible voice that can’t be touched but can definitely be heard and experienced.

 

Subvocalization is reading’s body language response: The physical reaction our bodies make to words received via the page.

The Writer’s Communication: The 80/20 Difference

Obviously the writer’s actual words–their choice of words and the way in which they order them to create the voice of their book–make a difference to the reader’s response. The novice writer’s base assumption is that correct word choice and order is all that’s required to cause the reader to respond positively to their message.

That’s simply NOT true. Why? Because reading is so much more than words!

Just as 80% of communication is through body language, so 80% of the reading experience is the physical nature in which the words themselves are displayed.

If an author assumes that being a good writer is 100% about word choice and order, they’re 100% wrong! They’re completely missing out on the physical aspect that comes with the reader’s experience. In other words, the author is assuming that all communication is verbal, that none of it is body language. How tragic!

Let’s try it this way:

A Loving Example

Consider these three words: “I love you.” On a computer screen and in an unassuming font, perhaps they “sound” kind to you. There is no verbal inflection you can hear by reading them, no hints as to their source or implication.

But what if I typed them in bold, in bright red, and centered the words on a single line? Now read it:

I LOVE YOU.

Does it “sound” different now? Louder, more forceful, more certain and confident? How does it feel? Different? More intense? Maybe seeing it this way makes you happier; maybe it makes you uneasy. Whatever it does, it likely has a different effect on you from the first time I wrote it. And how about this way:

i love you.

Does that read like a gentle and warm whisper in the ear? A sweet nothing? Adding an ellipsis changes it even more:

i… love you.

Now what? Does it sound hesitant, quiet, shy, maybe even a little embarrassed? How about this:

I love you.

Maybe, written this way, you’re left confused. Hurt. Why say “I love you” only to cross it out? you may wonder.

From start to finish, the three words stayed the same. I didn’t even change the font. But the physical differences in their layout and design–color, page and line placement, emphasis (i.e. bold, italic)–help to demonstrate the power and importance of the writer’s “body language”.

If subvocalization is the reader’s (the listener’s) physical response, what is the writer’s (or speaker’s) physical communication device?

Simply put: the layout and design of the book itself.

Why Mountain Owl Now Goes Beyond “Just Writing”

MountainOwlInk_coloronyellowbackgroundWith this concept in mind, I couldn’t well leave the layout and design of books up to someone else. If I was working to help authors communicate to their readers with an experience in reading, I had to also offer to involve myself in the other 80% of the work.

That’s why we no longer describe ourselves as offering “writing services” as we did from 2013 through last year.

Mountain Owl Ink is now in the business of offering “creative services”.

Yes, of course we still (gladly!) offer writing, editing, and proofreading. But alongside those things Mountain Owl Ink, LLC also performs these important–nay, critical–tasks that allow writers and authors to communicate at their best:

  • Complete, print-ready book layout & design (on Adobe InDesign)
    • for both print and eBooks
  • Graphics assistance
    • Direct Illustration
    • Digital Graphics Creation
  • Amazon Kindle and Amazon KDP publication assistance
  • Writer’s Coaching
  • Complete Manuscript Reviews
  • Assistance with creation of Author Websites and Sales & Marketing Materials

Just as being an actor isn’t only about regurgitating lines of script but about conveying the full breadth of humanity through a performance deep in body language to an audience eager to hear (and see) a tale be told, being an author isn’t only about putting the right words on a page: It’s about lending a full human experience to your readers, your audience, through the language of visual design and aesthetic.

Being an author is about lending a full human experience to readers through the language of visual design and aesthetic.


Have a creative project on your mind? Contact Mountain Owl Ink today. We offer a FREE INITIAL CONSULTATION to let you know if and how we can help.